Part 1 - American GovernmentPart 1.2 - System of Government

14. What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful?

checks and balances - separation of powers
  • checks and balances
  • separation of powers

The Constitution separates the government’s power into three branches to prevent one person or group from having too much power. The separation of government into three branches creates a system of checks and balances. This means that each branch can block, or threaten to block, the actions of the other branches. Here are some examples: the Senate (part of the legislative branch) can block a treaty signed by the president (the executive branch). In this example, the legislative branch is “checking” the executive. The U.S. Supreme Court (the judicial branch) can reject a law passed by Congress (the legislative branch). In this example, the judicial branch is “checking” the legislative branch. This separation of powers limits the power of the government and prevents the government from violating the rights of the people.

Learn more about check and balances

Learn more about separation of powers

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¿Qué es lo que evita que una rama del gobierno se vuelva demasiado poderosa?

  • pesos y contrapesos
  • separación de poderes

ما الذي يمنع فرعاً واحداً من الحكومة من أن يصبح قوياً بأكثر مما يجب؟

  • الضوابط والتوازنات
  • الفصل بين السلطات

什麼防止一個政府分支變得過於強大?

  • 制衡
  • 權力分立

정부의 한 부문이 지나치게 강력해 지는 것을 막는 것은 무엇인가?

  • 견제와 균형
  • 삼권 분립

Ano ang pumipigil sa isang sangay ng pamahalaan na maging masyadong makapangyarihan?

  • mga pagsusuri at pagbalanse
  • paghihiwalay ng mga kapangyarihan

Cách nào ngăn cản một ngành công quyền trở thành quá mạnh?

  • kiểm soát lẫn nhau
  • phân quyền

מה מונע מגורם יחיד במדינה כוח מוחלט?

  • איזונים ובלמים
  • הפרדת רשויות \ כוחות

Что препятствует одной из ветвей правительства стать слишком сильной?

  • Система “сдержек и противовесов”
  • Разделение власти

C’fare e parandalon nje dege qeveritare ndaj nje fuqizimi te tepert?

  • Kontroll dhe barazpeshe
  • Ndarje fuqishe

Šta spriječava jednu granu vlade da postane mnogo više moćna?

  • Račun i balans
  • Razdvojenost od autoriteta

چه موضوعی سبب می شود یکی از بخشهای دولت نتواند بیش از حد قدرتمند شود؟

  • کنترل و مقابله
  • جدایی از قدرت

Qu’est-ce qui arrete une branche du gouvernement d’avoir trop de pouvoir?

  • Chèques et balances
  • Séparation des pouvoirs

Thaum ib pawg tsoom fwv twg uas ho muaj zog dhau lawm, yam dab tsi thiaj yuav cheem tau?

  • tsoom soj ntsuam thiab luj (ntawm ob tog)
  • muab lub zog faib

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