84. What movement tried to end racial discrimination?

  • civil rights (movement)

The modern civil rights movement in the United States began in 1954 when the Supreme Court ruled that racial segregation in public schools was unconstitutional. The goal of the civil rights movement was to end racial discrimination against African Americans and to gain full and equal rights for Americans of all races. Using nonviolent strategies such as bus boycotts, sit-ins, and marches, people came together to demand social change. As a result, Congress passed the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965. The Civil Rights Act made segregation in public facilities and racial discrimination in employment and education illegal. The law protects African Americans, women, and others from discrimination. The Voting Rights Act banned literacy tests and other special requirements that had been used to stop African Americans from registering to vote.

Learn more about The Civil Rights Movement

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¿Qué movimiento trató de poner fin a la discriminación racial?

  • (el movimiento de) derechos civiles

ما هي الحركة التي حاولت إنهاء التمييز العنصري؟

  • )حركة( الحقوق المدنية

哪項運動試圖結束種族歧視?

  • 民權(運動)

인종 차별을 종식시키려고 노력한 것은 무슨 운동인가?

  • 시민 평등권 운동

Anong kilusan ang nagtangkang tapusin ang diskriminasyon sa lahi?

  • mga karapatang sibil (kilusan)

Phong trào nào tìm cách chấm dứt sự phân biệt chủng tộc?

  • (phong trào) dân quyền

איזו תנועה ניסתה לשים קץ לאפליה גזעית?

  • תנועת זכויות האזרח

Какое общественное движение положило конец расовой дискриминации?

  • Движение за гражданские права

Cila levizje tentoi ti jepte fund dallimit rracjal?

  • Levizja per te drejtat civile

Koji pokret je pokušao da okonča rasnu diskriminaciju?

  • Prava civila (pokret)

کدام جنبش سعی داشت به تبعیض نژادی پایان بدهد؟

  • ( جنبش( حقوق مدنی

Quel mouvement a essayé de terminer la discrimination raciale?

  • Le mouvement des droits civiques

Txoj kev tawm tsam twg los tshem tawm txoj kev ntxub txaug tib neeg cev nqaij daim tawv?

  • (kev tawm tsam ) pej xeem txoj cai

39. How many justices are on the Supreme Court?

  • nine (9)

The Constitution does not establish the number of justices on the Supreme Court. In the past, there have been as many as 10 and as few as six justices. Now, there are nine justices on the Supreme Court: eight associate justices and one chief justice. The Constitution gives the president the power to nominate justices to the Supreme Court. The nominee must then be confirmed by the Senate. Justices serve on the court for life or until they retire. For more information on the Supreme Court, go to http://www.supremecourt.gov.

Learn more about the U.S. Supreme Court

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¿Cuántos jueces hay en la Corte Suprema?

  • nueve (9)

كم عدد قضاة المحكمة العليا؟

  • تسعة ) 9(

最高法院有幾位大法官?

  • 九 (9) 位

연방 대법원에는 몇 명의 판사가 있는가?

  • 9 (9명)

Ilan ang mga mahistrado sa Korte Supreme?

  • siyam (9)

Có bao nhiêu thẩm phán ở Tối Cao Pháp Viện?

  • Chín (9)

כמה שופטים ישנם בבית המשפט העליון?

  • תשעה (9)

Сколько судьей в Верховном суде?

  • 9

Sa gjyqtar permban gjykata e larte?

  • Nente (9)

Koliko pravosudnih sudova je u Vrhovnom sudu?

  • Devet (9)

چند قاضی عضو دیوان عالی کشور هستند؟

  • )9( ن

Combien de juges sont dans la Cour Suprême?

  • Neuf (9)

Lub tuam tsev hais plaub muaj pees tsawg tus txwj laug neeg txiav txim?

  • muaj 9 tug

38. What is the highest court in the United States?

  • the Supreme Court 

The U.S. Supreme Court has complete authority over all federal courts. Its rulings have a significant effect. A Supreme Court ruling can affect the outcome of many cases in the lower courts. The Supreme Court’s interpretations of federal laws and of the Constitution are final. The Supreme Court is limited in its power over the states. It cannot make decisions about state law or state constitutions. The Court can decide that a state law or action conflicts with federal law or with the U.S. Constitution. If this happens, the state law becomes invalid. The Supreme Court case ruling Marbury v. Madison established this power, known as “judicial review.” The Supreme Court also rules on cases about significant social and public policy issues that affect all Americans. The Supreme Court ruled on the court case Brown v. the Board of Education of Topeka, which ended racial segregation in schools.

Learn more about the Supreme Court

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¿Cuál es el tribunal más alto de los Estados Unidos?

  • la Corte Suprema

ما هي أعلى محكمة في الولايات المتحدة؟

  • المحكمة العليا

美國最高法院是什麼?

  • 聯邦最高法院

미국의 최고 법원은 무엇인가?

  • 연방 대법원

Ano ang pinakamataas na hukuman sa Estados Unidos?

  • ang Korte Suprema

Tòa án cao nhất ở Hoa Kỳ là gì?

  • Tối Cao Pháp Viện

מהו בית המשפט הגבוה ביותר בארה”ב?

  • בית המשפט העליון

Какой суд является самым главным в США?

  • Верховный суд

Kush eshte gjykata me e larte ne Shtetet e Bashkuara?

  • Gjykata supreme/e larte

Koji je najveći sud u Sjedinjenim Američkim Državama?

  • Vrhovni sud.

باالترین دادگاه ایالت متحده کدام است؟

  • دیوان عالی کشور

Quelle est le tribunal le plus haut des Etats-Unis?

  • La Cour Suprême

Lub tsev hais plaub twg siab tshaj nyob rau teb chaws Asmesliskas?

  • lub tuam tsev hais plaub

37. What does the judicial branch do?

  • reviews laws
  • explains laws
  • resolves disputes (disagreements)
  • decides if a law goes against the Constitution

The judicial branch is one of the three branches of government. The Constitution established the judicial branch of government with the creation of the Supreme Court. Congress created the other federal courts. All these courts together make up the judicial branch. The courts review and explain the laws, and they resolve disagreements about the meaning of the law. The U.S. Supreme Court makes sure that laws are consistent with the Constitution. If a law is not consistent with the Constitution, the Court can declare it unconstitutional. In this case, the Court rejects the law. The Supreme Court makes the final decision about all cases that have to do with federal laws and treaties. It also rules on other cases, such as disagreements between states.

Learn more about the judicial branch

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¿Qué hace la rama judicial?

  • revisa las leyes
  • explica las leyes
  • resuelve disputas (desacuerdos)
  • decide si una ley va en contra de la Constitución

ماذا يفعل الجهاز القضائي؟

  • يراجع القوانين
  • يفسر القوانين
  • يحل النزاعات )الخلافات(
  • يقرر إن كان القانون يتعارض مع الدستور

司法部門做什麼?

  • 審查法律
  • 解釋法律
  • 解決爭議(意見不一致)
  • 決定某一法律是否牴觸憲法

사법부는 무엇을 하는가?

  • 법률의 재검토
  • 법률의 해석
  • 분쟁이나 다툼의 해결
  • 법률이 헌법에 위배되는지를 판단

Ano ang ginagawa ng sangay na panghukuman?

  • nirerepaso ang mga batas
  • ipinaliliwanag ang mga batas
  • nilulutas ang mga pagtatalo (hindi pagkakasundo)
  • ipinapasiya kung ang isang batas ay labag sa Konstitusyon

Ngành tư pháp làm gì?

  • duyệt lại luật lệ
  • cắt nghĩa luật lệ
  • giải quyết tranh cãi (bất hòa)
  • quyết định xem luật có đi ngược lại hiến pháp không

מה תפקידה של הרשות השופטת?

  • לבדוק חוקים
  • להסביר חוקים
  • לפתור סכסוכים (חילוקי דעות)
  • להחליט אם חוקים נוגדים את החוקה

Что делает судебная власть?

  • Изучает законы
  • Разъясняет законы
  • Разрешает спорные проблемы (разногласия)
  • Решает, не противоречит ли закон конституции страны

Kush eshte detyra e deges juridike?

  • Rishikon ligjet
  • shpjegon ligjet
  • Zgjidh mosmarreveshja
  • Vendos nese nje ligj eshte ne kundershtim me Kushtetuten

Šta je dužnost sudskog odsjeka?

  • Da ispituje zakone
  • Da objašnjava zakone
  • Da rješava parnice
  • Da odluči ako će se zakon protiviti Konstituciji

کار شاخۀ قضایی چیست؟

  • بررسی قوانین
  • شرح قوانین
  • حل مناقشات )مخالفتها(
  • تصمیم گیری درمورد اینکه آیا قانونی مغایر با قانون اساسی کشور هست یا خیر.

Que fait la Branche Judiciaire?

  • Réviser les lois
  • Expliquer les lois
  • Résoudre des disputes (désaccords)
  • Decider si une loi est contre la Constitution

Pawg txhais cai dej num yog ua dab tsi?

  • rov ntsuam xyuas kev cai
  • txhais kev cai
  • daws kev cov nyom
  • ntsuam xyua kom tej cai txhob cuam tshuam tus Txooj Cai Lij Choj

15. Who is in charge of the executive branch?

  • The President

The job of the executive branch is to carry out, or execute, federal laws and enforce laws passed by Congress. The head of the executive branch is the president. The president is both the head of state and the head of government. The president’s powers include the ability to sign treaties with other countries and to select ambassadors to represent the United States around the world. The president also sets national policies and proposes laws to Congress. The president names the top leaders of the federal departments. When there is a vacancy on the Supreme Court, the president names a new member. However, the Senate has the power to reject the president’s choices. This limit on the power of the president is an example of checks and balances.

Learn more about the Executive Branch

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¿Quién está a cargo de la rama ejecutiva?

  • el Presidente

من هو المسؤول عن السلطة التنفيذية؟

  • الرئيس

誰負責行政部門?

  • 總統

행정부를 책임지고 있는 것은 누구인가?

  • 대통령

Sino ang namamahala sa sangay na ehekutibo?

  • ang Pangulo

Ai phụ trách hành pháp?

  • Tổng Thống

מי אחראי על הרשות המבצעת?

  • הנשיא

Кто возглавляет Исполнительную власть?

  • Президент

Kush e drejton degen ekzekutive?

  • Presidenti

Ko je glavni za Izvršno vijeće?

  • Predsjednik

.چه کسی مسئول دستگاه اجرایی کشور است؟

  • رئیس جمهور

Qui est en charge de la branche executive?

  • Le Président

Leej twg yog tus tswj ntawm pawg tswj cai?

  • Tuam Thawj Tswj teb chaws

13. Name one branch or part of the government

  • Congress
  • legislative
  • President
  • executive
  • the courts
  • judicial

The Constitution establishes three branches of government: legislative, executive, and judicial. Article I of the Constitution establishes the legislative branch. Article I explains that Congress makes laws. Congress (the Senate and the House of Representatives) is the legislative branch of the U.S. government. Article II of the Constitution establishes the executive branch. The executive branch enforces the laws that Congress passes. The executive branch makes sure all the people follow the laws of the United States. The president is the head of the executive branch. The vice president and members of the president’s cabinet are also part of the executive branch. Article III of the Constitution establishes the judicial branch. The judicial branch places the highest judicial power in the Supreme Court. One responsibility of the judicial branch is to decide if government laws and actions follow the Constitution. This is a very important responsibility.

Learn more about the branches of the government

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Nombre una rama o parte del gobierno.

  • Congreso
  • Poder legislativo
  • Presidente
  • Poder ejecutivo
  • Los tribunales
  • Poder judicial

اذكر فرع أو جزء واحد من الحكومة.

  • الكونغرس
  • التشريعي
  • الرئيس
  • التنفيذي
  • المحاكم
  • القضائي

列舉政府體制的一個分支或部門 。

  • 國會
  • 立法部門
  • 總統
  • 行政部門
  • 法院
  • 司法部門

정부의 분야나 부문 중 하나의 이름을 말하라.

  • 의회
  • 입법부
  • 대통령
  • 행정부
  • 법원
  • 사법부

Sabihin ang isang sangay o bahagi ng pamahalaan.

  • Kongreso
  • pambatasan
  • Pangulo
  • ehekutibo
  • mga korte
  • panghukuman

Cho biết một ngành hay phần của công quyền.

  • Quốc Hội
  • lập pháp
  • Tổng Thống
  • hành pháp
  • các tòa án
  • tư pháp

ציינו ענף אחד או חלק אחד מהממשלה

  • קונגרס
  • הרשות המחוקקת
  • הנשיא
  • הרשות המבצעת
  • בתי המשפט
  • הרשות השופטת

Назовите одну из ветвей или частей правительства?

  • Конгресс
  • Законодательная власть
  • Президент
  • Исполнительная власть
  • Суды
  • Судебная власть

Emertoni nje dege ose pjese te qeverise.

  • Kongresi
  • Dega legjislative
  • Presidenti
  • Dega ekzekutive
  • Gjykatat
  • Dega juridike

Navedi jednu granu ili partiju Vlade

  • Kongres
  • Zakonodavstvo
  • Predsjednik
  • Izvršno vijeće
  • Tribunal
  • Sudstvo

یکی از بخشها یا قسمتهای دولت را نام ببرید.

  • کنگره
  • قوۀ مقننه
  • رئیس جمهور
  • قوۀ مجریه
  • دادگاهها
  • دادگستری

Citez une branche du gouvernement

  • Congrès
  • Législatif
  • Président
  • Executif
  • Les tribunaux
  • Judiciaire

Qhia ib ceg los yog ib pawg ntawm tsoom fwv?

  • Pawg neeg sau cai
  • pawg sau cai
  • Tuam Thawj Tswj teb chaws
  • pawg tswj cai
  • tuam tsev hais plaub
  • pawg txhais cai