50. Name one right only for United States citizens

Name one right only for United States citizens - vote in a federal election - run for federal office

vote in a federal election run for federal office U.S. citizens have the right to vote in federal elections. Permanent residents can vote in local or state elections that do not require voters to be U.S. citizens. Only U.S. citizens can vote in federal elections. U.S. citizens can also run for federal office. Qualifications to […]

39. How many justices are on the Supreme Court?

How many justices are on the Supreme Court - Nine - 9

nine (9) The Constitution does not establish the number of justices on the Supreme Court. In the past, there have been as many as 10 and as few as six justices. Now, there are nine justices on the Supreme Court: eight associate justices and one chief justice. The Constitution gives the president the power to […]

35. What does the President’s Cabinet do?

What does the President’s Cabinet do - advises the President

advises the President The Constitution says that the leaders of the executive departments should advise the president. These department leaders, most of them called “secretaries,” make up the cabinet. The president nominates the cabinet members to be his advisors. For a nominee to be confirmed, a majority of the Senate must approve the nominee. Throughout […]

19. We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years?

We elect a US Senator for how many years - 6 - Six

six (6) The Framers of the Constitution wanted senators to be independent from public opinion. They thought a fairly long, six-year term would give them this protection. They also wanted longer Senate terms to balance the shorter two-year terms of the members of the House, who would more closely follow public opinion. The Constitution puts […]

17. What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress?

What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress - Senate and House of Representatives

the Senate and House (of Representatives) Congress is divided into two parts—the Senate and the House of Representatives. Because it has two “chambers,” the U.S. Congress is known as a “bicameral” legislature. The system of checks and balances works in Congress. Specific powers are assigned to each of these chambers. For example, only the Senate […]

16. Who makes federal laws?

Who makes federal laws - Congress - Senate and House of Representatives

Congress Senate and House (of Representatives) (U.S. or national) legislature Congress makes federal laws. A federal law usually applies to all states and all people in the United States. Either side of Congress—the Senate or the House of Representatives—can propose a bill to address an issue. When the Senate proposes a bill, it sends the […]

15. Who is in charge of the executive branch?

Who is in charge of the executive branch - The President

The President The job of the executive branch is to carry out, or execute, federal laws and enforce laws passed by Congress. The head of the executive branch is the president. The president is both the head of state and the head of government. The president’s powers include the ability to sign treaties with other […]