50. Name one right only for United States citizens

  • vote in a federal election
  • run for federal office

U.S. citizens have the right to vote in federal elections. Permanent residents can vote in local or state elections that do not require voters to be U.S. citizens. Only U.S. citizens can vote in federal elections. U.S. citizens can also run for federal office. Qualifications to run for the Senate or House of Representatives include being a U.S. citizen for a certain number of years. A candidate for Senate must be a U.S. citizen for at least 9 years. A candidate for the House must be a U.S. citizen for at least 7 years. To run for president of the United States, a candidate must be a native-born (not naturalized) citizen. In addition to the benefits of citizenship, U.S. citizens have certain responsibilities—to respect the law, stay informed on issues, participate in the democratic process, and pay their taxes.

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¿Cuál es un derecho que pueden ejercer sólo los ciudadanos de los Estados Unidos?

  • votar en una elección federal
  • postularse a un cargo político federal

اذكر حقاً واحداً من الحقوق التي يتمتع بها مواطنو الولايات المتحدة فقط.

  • التصويت في انتخابات فيدرالية
  • الترشح لمنصب فيدرالي

列舉一項美國公民才享有的權利 。

  • 在聯邦選舉中投票的權利
  • 競選公職的權利

미국 시민의 권리 중 하나만 대시오.

  • 연방 선거에서 투표
  • 연방 공직에 출마

Sabihin ang isang karapatan na para lamang sa mga mamamayan ng Estados Unidos.

  • bumoto sa isang pederal na halalan
  • kumandidato para sa pederal na katungkulan

Cho biết một quyền của riêng công dân Hoa Kỳ.

  • tham gia bầu cử cấp liên bang
  • ứng cử chức vụ liên bang

ציינו זכות אחת שיש רק לאזרחי ארצות הברית?

  • הזכות להצביע בבחירות פדרליות
  • הזכות להתמודד בבחירות לנשיאות

Назовите одно из прав, которыми обладают только граждане США.

  • Голосовать во всеобщих выборах
  • Выдвигаться кандидатом на всеобщих выборах

Emerto nje te drejte qe I perket vetem shtetaseve Amerikan.

  • Te sherbejne ne juri gjyqesore
  • Te kandidojne per poste qeveritare

Imenuj jedno pravo samo za državljanje Sjedinjenih Američkih Država?

  • Da mogu da glasaju u državnim izborima
  • Da mogu da se kandiduju za položaj u državnoj kancelariji

یکی از حقوقی را که تنها مختص شهروندان امریکاییست، نام ببرید.

  • رای دادن در انتخابات فدرال
  • کاندیدا شدن در انتخابات فدرال

Citez un droit que seulement les citoyens des Etats-Unis ont.

  • Voter dans une election fédérale
  • Se presenter pour les elections fédérales

Qhia ib txoj cai uas tus neeg xaam xaj Asmesliskas muaj yog dab tsi?

  • pov npav rau tsoom fwv kev xaiv tsa
  • sib tw ua nom tswv

39. How many justices are on the Supreme Court?

  • nine (9)

The Constitution does not establish the number of justices on the Supreme Court. In the past, there have been as many as 10 and as few as six justices. Now, there are nine justices on the Supreme Court: eight associate justices and one chief justice. The Constitution gives the president the power to nominate justices to the Supreme Court. The nominee must then be confirmed by the Senate. Justices serve on the court for life or until they retire. For more information on the Supreme Court, go to http://www.supremecourt.gov.

Learn more about the U.S. Supreme Court

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¿Cuántos jueces hay en la Corte Suprema?

  • nueve (9)

كم عدد قضاة المحكمة العليا؟

  • تسعة ) 9(

最高法院有幾位大法官?

  • 九 (9) 位

연방 대법원에는 몇 명의 판사가 있는가?

  • 9 (9명)

Ilan ang mga mahistrado sa Korte Supreme?

  • siyam (9)

Có bao nhiêu thẩm phán ở Tối Cao Pháp Viện?

  • Chín (9)

כמה שופטים ישנם בבית המשפט העליון?

  • תשעה (9)

Сколько судьей в Верховном суде?

  • 9

Sa gjyqtar permban gjykata e larte?

  • Nente (9)

Koliko pravosudnih sudova je u Vrhovnom sudu?

  • Devet (9)

چند قاضی عضو دیوان عالی کشور هستند؟

  • )9( ن

Combien de juges sont dans la Cour Suprême?

  • Neuf (9)

Lub tuam tsev hais plaub muaj pees tsawg tus txwj laug neeg txiav txim?

  • muaj 9 tug

35. What does the President’s Cabinet do?

  • advises the President

The Constitution says that the leaders of the executive departments should advise the president. These department leaders, most of them called “secretaries,” make up the cabinet. The president nominates the cabinet members to be his advisors. For a nominee to be confirmed, a majority of the Senate must approve the nominee. Throughout history, presidents have been able to change who makes up the cabinet or add departments to the cabinet. For example, when the Department of Homeland Security was created, President George W. Bush added the leader of this department to his cabinet.

Learn more about the cabinet of the United States

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¿Qué hace el Gabinete del Presidente?

  • asesora al Presidente

ماذا تفعل حكومة الرئيس؟

  • تنصح الرئيس

總統的內閣做什麼事?

  • 向總統提出建議

대통령의 각료들은 무엇을 하는가?

  • 대통령을 보조하여 조언한다

Ano ang ginagawa ng Gabinete ng Pangulo?

  • nagpapayo sa Pangulo

Nội các của Tổng Thống làm gì?

  • Cố vấn cho Tổng Thống

מה תפקיד הקבינט של הנשיא?

  • לייעץ לנשיא

Чем занимается кабинет министров президента?

  • Дает рекомендации президенту

C’fare detyre ka Keshilli Presidencja?

  • Te keshillojne Presidentin

Koja je dužnost Predsjedničkog Kabineta?

  • Da savjetuje Predsjednika.

کابینۀ رئیس جمهور چه کاری انجام می دهد؟

  • به رئیس جمهور مشورت ارائه می دهد.

Que fait le cabinet du Président?

  • Conseiller le Président

Pawg neeg sab laj rau Tuam Thawj Tswj teb chaws dej num yog ua dab tsi?

  • pab tawm tswv yim rau Tuam Thawj Tswj teb chaws

19. We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years?

  • six (6)

The Framers of the Constitution wanted senators to be independent from public opinion. They thought a fairly long, six-year term would give them this protection. They also wanted longer Senate terms to balance the shorter two-year terms of the members of the House, who would more closely follow public opinion. The Constitution puts no limit on the number of terms a senator may serve. Elections for U.S. senators take place on even-numbered years. Every two years, one-third of the senators are up for election.

Learn more about how Congress works

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¿De cuántos años es el término de elección de un senador de los Estados Unidos?

  • seis (6)

كم عدد سنوات انتخاب السيناتور الأمريكي؟

  • ست ) 6(

我們選出的美國參議員任職多少年?

  • 六 (6) 年

미국 상원의원은 몇 년 동안 선출되는가?

  • 6 (6년)

Inihahalal natin ang isang Senador ng Estados Unidos para sa ilang taon?

  • anim (6)

Chúng ta bầu Thượng Nghị Sĩ cho bao nhiêu năm?

  • sáu (6)

לתקופה של כמה שנים אנו בוחרים סנאטור?

  • שש (6)

На сколько лет мы избираем сенатора США?

  • 6

Per sa vite e zgjedhim nje Senator Amerikan?

  • Gjeshte (6)

Na koliko godina biramo Američkog Senatora?

  • Šest (6)

هر سناتور را برای چند سال انتخاب می کنیم؟

  • شش سال )6)

Nous élisons un Senateur des Etats-Unis pour combien d’années?

  • Six (6)

Pes tsawg xyoo peb mam xaiv ib tug U.S. Senator?

  • 6 xyoo

17. What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress?

  • the Senate and House (of Representatives)

Congress is divided into two parts—the Senate and the House of Representatives. Because it has two “chambers,” the U.S. Congress is known as a “bicameral” legislature. The system of checks and balances works in Congress. Specific powers are assigned to each of these chambers. For example, only the Senate has the power to reject a treaty signed by the president or a person the president chooses to serve on the Supreme Court. Only the House of Representatives has the power to introduce a bill that requires Americans to pay taxes.

Learn more about the senate

Learn more about the house of representatives

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¿Cuáles son las dos partes que integran el Congreso de los Estados Unidos?

  • el Senado y la Cámara (de Representantes)

ما هما فرعا الكونغرس الأمريكي؟

  • مجلس الشيوخ ومجلس النواب

美國國會由哪兩個部分組成?

  • 參議院與眾議院

미국 의회의 두 부문은 무엇인가?

  • 상원과 하원

Ano ang dalawang bahagi ng Kongreso ng Estados Unidos?

  • the Senado at Kapulungan (ng mga Kinatawan)

Hai phần của Quốc Hội Hoa Kỳ là gì?

  • Thượng và Hạ Nghị Viện

מהם שני חלקי הקונגרס בארה”ב?

  • הסנאט ובית הנבחרים

Какие существуют две части Конгресса США?

  • Сенат и Палата представителей

Emerto dy pjese perberese te Kongresit Amerikan.

  • Senati dhe Perfaqesuesit Ligjor

Koja su dva ogranka Američkog Kongresa?

  • Senat i Kuća (predstavnika)

دو بخش کنگرۀ ایاالت متحدۀ امریکا کدام است؟

  • سنا و مجلس )نمایندگان(

Quelles sont les deux parts du Congrès des Etats-Unis?

  • Le Sénat et la Chambre des Représentants

Ob pawg twg yog U.S. Congress?

  • the Senate and House (of Representatives) Ob pawg neeg sawv cev pej xeem

16. Who makes federal laws?

  • Congress
  • Senate and House (of Representatives)
  • (U.S. or national) legislature

Congress makes federal laws. A federal law usually applies to all states and all people in the United States. Either side of Congress—the Senate or the House of Representatives—can propose a bill to address an issue. When the Senate proposes a bill, it sends the bill to a Senate committee. The Senate committee studies the issue and the bill. When the House of Representatives proposes a bill, it sends the bill to a House of Representatives committee. The committee studies the bill and sometimes makes changes to it. Then the bill goes to the full House or Senate for consideration. When each chamber passes its own version of the bill, it often goes to a “conference committee.” The conference committee has members from both the House and the Senate. This committee discusses the bill, tries to resolve the differences, and writes a report with the final version of the bill. Then the committee sends the final version of the bill back to both houses for approval. If both houses approve the bill, it is considered “enrolled.” An enrolled bill goes to the president to be signed into law. If the president signs the bill, it becomes a federal law.

Learn more about the Congress

Learn more about the Senate

Learn more about the House of Representatives

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¿Quién crea las leyes federales?

  • el Congreso
  • el Senado y la Cámara (de Representantes)
  • la legislatura (nacional o de los Estados Unidos)

من يسن القوانين الفيدرالية؟

  • الكونغرس
  • مجلس الشيوخ ومجلس النواب
  • الهيئة التشريعية )الأمريكية أو الوطنية(

誰制定聯邦法律?

  • 國會
  • 參議院及眾議院
  • (美國或國家)立法部門

연방법은 누가 만드는가?

  • 의회
  • 상원과 하원
  • (미연방 또는 국가의) 입법부

Sino ang gumagawa ng mga pederal na batas?

  • Kongreso
  • Senado at Kapulungan (ng mga Kinatawan)
  • (Estados Unidos o pambansang) lehislatura

Ai làm luật liên bang?

  • Quốc Hội
  • Thượng và Hạ Nghị Viện
  • Ngành Lập Pháp (của Liên Bang hay Quốc Gia)

מי מחוקק חוקים פדרלים?

  • הקונגרס
  • הסנאט ובית הנבחרים
  • הרשות המחוקקת

Кто создает федеральные законы?

  • Конгресс
  • Сенат и Палата представителей
  • Законодатели

Kush krijon ligje federale?

  • Kongresi
  • Senati dhe Perfaqesuesit Ligjor
  • Legjislatura (Amerikane ose kombetare)

Ko pravi federalne zakone?

  • Kongres
  • Senat i Kuća (predstavnika)
  • (Američko ili nacionalno) zakonodavstvo

چه مرجعی قوانین فدرال را وضع می کند؟

  • کنگره
  • سنا و مجلس نمایندگان
  • قوۀ مقننۀ )ملی یا ایاالت متحده(

Qui fait les lois fédérales?

  • Le Congrès
  • Le Sénat et la Chambre (des Représentants)
  • La Legislature (des Etats-Unis ou nationale)

Leej twg yog tus tsim sau tsoom fwv li cai?

  • Pawg neeg sau cai
  • Pab neeg sawv cev pej xeem (Senate and House of Representatives)
  • Tsoom nom tswv qeb siab sau cai (legislature)

15. Who is in charge of the executive branch?

  • The President

The job of the executive branch is to carry out, or execute, federal laws and enforce laws passed by Congress. The head of the executive branch is the president. The president is both the head of state and the head of government. The president’s powers include the ability to sign treaties with other countries and to select ambassadors to represent the United States around the world. The president also sets national policies and proposes laws to Congress. The president names the top leaders of the federal departments. When there is a vacancy on the Supreme Court, the president names a new member. However, the Senate has the power to reject the president’s choices. This limit on the power of the president is an example of checks and balances.

Learn more about the Executive Branch

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¿Quién está a cargo de la rama ejecutiva?

  • el Presidente

من هو المسؤول عن السلطة التنفيذية؟

  • الرئيس

誰負責行政部門?

  • 總統

행정부를 책임지고 있는 것은 누구인가?

  • 대통령

Sino ang namamahala sa sangay na ehekutibo?

  • ang Pangulo

Ai phụ trách hành pháp?

  • Tổng Thống

מי אחראי על הרשות המבצעת?

  • הנשיא

Кто возглавляет Исполнительную власть?

  • Президент

Kush e drejton degen ekzekutive?

  • Presidenti

Ko je glavni za Izvršno vijeće?

  • Predsjednik

.چه کسی مسئول دستگاه اجرایی کشور است؟

  • رئیس جمهور

Qui est en charge de la branche executive?

  • Le Président

Leej twg yog tus tswj ntawm pawg tswj cai?

  • Tuam Thawj Tswj teb chaws