43. Who is the Governor of your state now?

  • Answers will vary. [District of Columbia residents should answer that D.C. does not have a Governor.]

To learn the name of the governor of your state or territory, go to www.nga.org/governors. Similar to the federal government, most states have three branches of government. The branches are executive, legislative, and judicial. The governor is the chief executive of the state. The governor’s job in a state government is similar to the president’s job in the federal government. However, the state laws that a governor carries out are different from the federal laws that the president carries out. The Constitution says that certain issues are covered by federal, not state, laws. All other issues are covered by state laws. The governor’s duties and powers vary from state to state. The number of years that a governor is elected to serve—called a “term”—is four years. The exceptions are New Hampshire and Vermont, where governors serve for two years.

Learn more about the current governors

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¿Quién es el gobernador actual de su estado?

  • Las respuestas variarán. [Los residentes del Distrito de Columbia deben decir “no tenemos gobernador”].

من هو حاكم ولايتك حالياً؟

  • سوف تتباين الإجابات. ]يجب على سكان مقاطعة كولومبيا أن يجيبوا بأن دي. ?سي. ليس لها حاكم[.

您居住州的現任州長是誰?

  • 答案依居住州不同而異 。[哥倫比亞特區的居民應回答:「我們沒有州長 。」]

당신이 사는 주의 주지사는 누구인가?

  • 답은 해당 주에 따라 다름 [컬럼비아 특구 주민들은 D.C.는 주지사가 없다고 답해야 함.]

Sino ang Gobernador na iyong estado ngayon?

  • Ang mga sagot ay magkakaiba. [Ang mga residente ng District of Columbia ay dapat sumagot na ang D.C. ay walang Gobernador.]

Thống Đốc tiểu bang của bạn tên gì?

  • Câu trả lời tùy tiểu bang. [Cư dân vùng thủ đô Washington, D.C. phải trả lời là vùng thủ đô DC không có Thống Đốc.]

מיהו מושל המדינה שלכם עכשיו?

  • תשובות יישתנו. [תושבי מחוז קולומביה צריכים לענות שלמחוז קולומביה אין מושל]

Кто губернатор в вашем штате?

  • Ответы будут разные. (Для жителей Округа Колумбии где нет губернатора, правильным ответом будет что в Округе Колумбии нет губернатора.)

Kush eshte Guvernatori ne fuqi I shtetit tuaj?

  • Pergjigjet jane te ndryshme.

Ko je Guverner tvoje države?

  • Različit odgovor. (Građani Područja Kolumbije i US teritorija bez Guvernera treba da kažu da nemaju Guvernera).

فرماندار ایالت شما کیست؟

  • پاسخها متفاوت است. ]ساکنین ناحیۀ کلمبیا باید پاسخ دهند که آن ناحیه فرماندار ندارد.[

Qui est le Gouverneur de votre Etat maintenant?

  • La réponse peut varier. (les résidents du District de Columbia doivent répondre que D.C n’a pas de gouverneur)

Leej twg yog tus Tuam Thawj Tswj ntawm koj lub xeev tam sim no?

  • Cov lus teb yuav txawv. [District of Columbia cov neeg xiam oob qhab yuav tsum teb tias D.C. tsis muaj ib tus tswv xeev.]

13. Name one branch or part of the government

  • Congress
  • legislative
  • President
  • executive
  • the courts
  • judicial

The Constitution establishes three branches of government: legislative, executive, and judicial. Article I of the Constitution establishes the legislative branch. Article I explains that Congress makes laws. Congress (the Senate and the House of Representatives) is the legislative branch of the U.S. government. Article II of the Constitution establishes the executive branch. The executive branch enforces the laws that Congress passes. The executive branch makes sure all the people follow the laws of the United States. The president is the head of the executive branch. The vice president and members of the president’s cabinet are also part of the executive branch. Article III of the Constitution establishes the judicial branch. The judicial branch places the highest judicial power in the Supreme Court. One responsibility of the judicial branch is to decide if government laws and actions follow the Constitution. This is a very important responsibility.

Learn more about the branches of the government

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Nombre una rama o parte del gobierno.

  • Congreso
  • Poder legislativo
  • Presidente
  • Poder ejecutivo
  • Los tribunales
  • Poder judicial

اذكر فرع أو جزء واحد من الحكومة.

  • الكونغرس
  • التشريعي
  • الرئيس
  • التنفيذي
  • المحاكم
  • القضائي

列舉政府體制的一個分支或部門 。

  • 國會
  • 立法部門
  • 總統
  • 行政部門
  • 法院
  • 司法部門

정부의 분야나 부문 중 하나의 이름을 말하라.

  • 의회
  • 입법부
  • 대통령
  • 행정부
  • 법원
  • 사법부

Sabihin ang isang sangay o bahagi ng pamahalaan.

  • Kongreso
  • pambatasan
  • Pangulo
  • ehekutibo
  • mga korte
  • panghukuman

Cho biết một ngành hay phần của công quyền.

  • Quốc Hội
  • lập pháp
  • Tổng Thống
  • hành pháp
  • các tòa án
  • tư pháp

ציינו ענף אחד או חלק אחד מהממשלה

  • קונגרס
  • הרשות המחוקקת
  • הנשיא
  • הרשות המבצעת
  • בתי המשפט
  • הרשות השופטת

Назовите одну из ветвей или частей правительства?

  • Конгресс
  • Законодательная власть
  • Президент
  • Исполнительная власть
  • Суды
  • Судебная власть

Emertoni nje dege ose pjese te qeverise.

  • Kongresi
  • Dega legjislative
  • Presidenti
  • Dega ekzekutive
  • Gjykatat
  • Dega juridike

Navedi jednu granu ili partiju Vlade

  • Kongres
  • Zakonodavstvo
  • Predsjednik
  • Izvršno vijeće
  • Tribunal
  • Sudstvo

یکی از بخشها یا قسمتهای دولت را نام ببرید.

  • کنگره
  • قوۀ مقننه
  • رئیس جمهور
  • قوۀ مجریه
  • دادگاهها
  • دادگستری

Citez une branche du gouvernement

  • Congrès
  • Législatif
  • Président
  • Executif
  • Les tribunaux
  • Judiciaire

Qhia ib ceg los yog ib pawg ntawm tsoom fwv?

  • Pawg neeg sau cai
  • pawg sau cai
  • Tuam Thawj Tswj teb chaws
  • pawg tswj cai
  • tuam tsev hais plaub
  • pawg txhais cai

2. What does the Constitution do?

  • Sets up the government
  • Defines the government
  • Protects basic rights of Americans

The Constitution of the United States divides government power between the national government and state governments. The name for this division of power is “federalism.” Federalism is an important idea in the Constitution. We call the Founding Fathers who wrote the Constitution the “Framers” of the Constitution. The Framers wanted to limit the powers of the government, so they separated the powers into three branches: executive, legislative, and judicial. The Constitution explains the power of each branch. The Constitution also includes changes and additions, called “amendments.” The first 10 amendments are called the “Bill of Rights.” The Bill of Rights established the individual rights and liberties of all Americans.

Learn more about The U.S. Constitution

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¿Qué hace la Constitución?

  • establece el gobierno
  • define el gobierno
  • protege los derechos básicos de los ciudadanos estadounidenses

ماذا يفعل الدستور؟

  • تنشئ الحكومة
  • يعرّف الحكومة
  • يحمي الحقوق الأساسية للأمريكيين

憲法的作用是什麼?

  • 建立政府體制
  • 定義政府
  • 保護美國人的基本權利

헌법이 하는 기능은 무엇인가?

  • 정부 조직 구성
  • 정부 범위의 규정
  • 미국인의 기본권 보호

Ano ang Ginagawa ng Konstitusyon?

  • itinatatag ang pamahalaan
  • binibigyan ng kahulugan ang pamahalaan
  • nagpoprotekta sa mga basikong karapatan ng mga Amerikano

Hiến Pháp có mục đích gì?

  • thiết lập chánh phủ
  • mô tả tổ chức chánh phủ
  • bảo vệ các quyền căn bản của người dân Hoa Kỳ

מה תפקידה של החוקה?

  • מייסדת את הממשלה
  • מגדירה את הממשלה
  • מגנה על זכויות העם האמריקני

Что делает Конституция?

  • Устанавливает форму правления страной
  • Определяет государственное устройство
  • Защищает основные права американцев

C’fare roli luan Kushtetuta?

  • Vendos qeverine
  • Perkufizon qeverine
  • Mbron te drejtat baze te nenshtetaseve Amerikan

Šta ustav radi?

  • Osniva vladu
  • Definira vladu
  • Štiti osnovna prava Amerikanaca

کار قانون اساسی چیست؟

  • برپایی دولت
  • تعریف دولت
  • حمایت از حقوق پایۀ مردم امریکا

Qu’est-ce que fait la Constitution?

  • Organizer le gouvernement
  • Définir le gouvernement
  • Protéger les droix fondamentaux des Americains

Tus Txhooj Cai Lij Choj yog ua dab tsi?

  • tsim tsa tsoom fwv
  • qhia txog tsoom fwv (tes dej num)
  • tiv thaiv pej xeem Asmesliskas li cai