94. What is the capital of the United States?

  • Washington, D.C.

When the Constitution established our nation in 1789, the capital of the United States was in New York City. Congress soon began discussing the location of a permanent capital city. In Congress, representatives of northern states argued with representatives of southern states. Each side wanted the capital to be in its own region. As part of the Compromise of 1790, the capital would be located in the South. In return, the North did not have to pay the debt it owed from the Revolutionary War. George Washington chose a location for the capital along the Potomac River between Maryland and Virginia. As part of the compromise, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, became the temporary new location for the capital. In 1800, after 10 years, the capital was moved to its current location of Washington, D.C.

Learn more about Washington, D.C.

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¿Cuál es la capital de los Estados Unidos?

  • Washington, D.C.

ما هي عاصمة الولايات المتحدة؟

  • واشنطن، دي.

美國的首都在哪裡?*

  • 華盛頓哥倫比亞特區

미국의 수도는 어디인가?

  • 워싱턴 디씨

Ano ang kapital ng Estados Unidos?

  • Washington, D.C.

Thủ đô của Hoa Kỳ tên gì?

  • Washington, D.C.

מהי עיר הבירה של ארצות הברית?

  • וושינגטון

Какой город является столицей США?

  • Вашингтон, округ Колумбия

Kush eshte kryeqyteti I Shteteve te bashkuara?

  • Uashingtoni, D.C.

Koji je glavni grad Amerike?

  • Washington DC

پایتخت ایاالت متحده کجاست؟

  • واشینگتن دی سی

Quelle est la capitale des Etats-Unis?

  • Washington, D.C.

Lub Tuam Xeev ntawm teb chaws Asmesliskas yog hu li cas?

  • Washington, D.C.

70. Who was the first President?

  • George Washington

George Washington was the first president of the United States. He began his first term in 1789. He served for a second term beginning in 1793. Washington played an important role in forming the new nation and encouraged Americans to unite. He also helped define the American presidency. He voluntarily resigned from the presidency after two terms. He set an example for future leaders in his own country and the world by voluntarily giving up power. The tradition of a president serving no more than two terms continued in the United States until Franklin D. Roosevelt, who was elected to office four times (1933–1945). The 22nd Amendment to the Constitution, passed in 1947, now limits presidents to two terms.

Learn more about George Washington

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¿Quién fue el primer Presidente?

  • (George) Washington

من كان الرئيس الأول؟

  • )جورج( واشنطن

誰是第一任總統?

  • (喬治)華盛頓

초대 대통령은 누구인가?

  • 조지 워싱턴

Sino ang unang Pangulo?

  • (George) Washington

Ai là Tổng Thống đầu tiên?

  • (George) Washington

מי היה הנשיא הראשון?

  • (ג’ורג’) וושינגטון

Кто был первым президентом США?

  • (Джордж) Вашингтон

Kush ishte Presidenti I pare?

  • Xhorxh Uashingtoni

Ko je bio prvi predsjednik?

  • (George) Washington.

نخستین رئیس جمهور که بود؟

  • ( جرج( واشینگتن

Qui est le premier Président?

  • (George Washington)

Leej twg yog thawj tug Tuam Thawj Tswj teb chaws?

  • (George) Washington

69. Who is the “Father of Our Country”?

  • (George) Washington

George Washington is called the Father of Our Country. He was the first American president. Before that, he was a brave general who led the Continental Army to victory over Great Britain during the American Revolutionary War. After his victory over the British Army, Washington retired to his farm in Virginia named Mount Vernon. He left retirement to help create the new country’s system of government. He presided over the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia in 1787.

Learn more about George Washington

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¿Quién se conoce como el “Padre de Nuestra Nación”?

  • (George) Washington

من هو “أب بلادنا”؟

  • )جورج( واشنطن

誰是「美國國父」?

  • (喬治)華盛頓

“우리 나라의 아버지”는 누구인가?

  • 조지 워싱턴

Sino ang “Ama ng Ating Bansa”?

  • (George) Washington

Ai được gọi là cha đẻ của nước Mỹ?

  • (George) Washington

מיהו “אבי ארצנו”?

  • ג’ורג’ וושינגטון

Кого называют “Отцом нашей страны”?

  • (Джордж) Вашингтон

Kush eshte babai I shtetit tone?

  • Xhorxh Uashingtoni

Ko je “Otac naše domovine”?

  • George Washington

چه کسی “پدر کشور ما” نامیده می شود؟

  • ( جرج( واشینگتن

Qui est le “Père de notre Patrie”?

  • (George) Washington

“Leej txiv ntawm peb lub teb chaws” yog leej twg?

  • (George) Washington

66. When was the Constitution written?

  • 1787

The Constitution, written in 1787, created a new system of U.S. government—the same system we have today. James Madison was the main writer of the Constitution. He became the fourth president of the United States. The U.S. Constitution is short, but it defines the principles of government and the rights of citizens in the United States. The document has a preamble and seven articles. Since its adoption, the Constitution has been amended (changed) 27 times. Three-fourths of the states (9 of the original 13) were required to ratify (approve) the Constitution. Delaware was the first state to ratify the Constitution on December 7, 1787. In 1788, New Hampshire was the ninth state to ratify the Constitution. On March 4, 1789, the Constitution took effect and Congress met for the first time. George Washington was inaugurated as president the same year. By 1790, all 13 states had ratified the Constitution.

Learn more about The Constitution

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¿Cuándo fue redactada la Constitución?

  • 1787

متى كُتب الدستور؟

  • 1787

憲法是何時擬定的?

  • 1787 年

헌법은 언제 제정되었는가?

  • 1787

Kailan isinulat ang Konstitusyon?

  • 1787

Hiến Pháp được soạn thảo khi nào?

  • 1787

מתי נכתבה החוקה?

  • 1787

Когда была написана конституция?

  • В 1787 году

Kur u shkrua Kushtetuta?

  • 1787

Kada je Ustav napisan?

  • 1787

قانون اساسی در چه سالی نوشته شد؟

  • 1787

Quand est-ce que la Constitution a été écrite?

  • 1787

Tus Txhooj Cai Lij Choj tau sau nyob rau xyoo twg?

  • Xyoo 1787

45. What are the two major political parties in the United States?

  • Democratic and Republican

The Constitution did not establish political parties. President George Washington specifically warned against them. But early in U.S. history, two political groups developed. They were the Democratic-Republicans and the Federalists. Today, the two major political parties are the Democratic Party and the Republican Party. President Andrew Jackson created the Democratic Party from the Democratic-Republicans. The Republican Party took over from the Whigs as a major party in the 1860s. The first Republican president was Abraham Lincoln. Throughout U.S. history, there have been other parties. These parties have included the Know-Nothing (also called American Party), Bull-Moose (also called Progressive), Reform, and Green parties. They have played various roles in American politics. Political party membership in the United States is voluntary. Parties are made up of people who organize to promote their candidates for election and to promote their views about public policies.

Learn more about the Republican Party

Learn more about the Democratic Party

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¿Cuáles son los dos principales partidos políticos de los Estados Unidos?

  • Demócrata y Republicano

ما هما الحزبان السياسيان الرئيسيان في الولايات المتحدة؟

  • الديمقراطي والجمهوري

美國當今兩大政黨為何?

  • 民主黨與共和黨

미국의 주요 정당 두 개는 무엇인가?

  • 민주당과 공화당

Ano ang dalawang pangunahing partidong pampulitika sa Estados Unidos?

  • Democratic at Republican

Hai đảng chính của Hoa Kỳ là gì?

  • Dân Chủ và Cộng Hòa

מהן שתי המפלגות הגדולות ביותר בארה”ב?

  • המפלגה הדמוקרטית והמפלגה הרפובליקנית

Назовите две крупнейшие политические партии в США.

  • Демократическая и республиканская

Cilat jane dy partite me kryesore te Shteteve te Bashkuara?

  • Partia Demokratike dhe ajo Republikane

Koje su dvije glavne političke partije u Sjedinjenim Američkim Državama?

  • Demokratska i Republikanska

دو حزب سیاسی اصلی ایاالت متحده کدامند؟

  • دموکرات و جمهوری خواه

Quels sont les deux partis politiques les plus importants aux Etats-Unis?

  • Démocrat et Républicain

Ob pawg coj kev ua nom tswv loj tshaj nyob rau teb chaws no yog ob pawg twg?*

  • Pawg Democratic thiab Pawg Republican

36. What are two Cabinet-level positions?

  • Secretary of Agriculture
  • Secretary of Commerce
  • Secretary of Defense
  • Secretary of Education
  • Secretary of Energy
  • Secretary of Health and Human Services
  • Secretary of Homeland Security
  • Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
  • Secretary of the Interior
  • Secretary of Labor
  • Secretary of State
  • Secretary of Transportation
  • Secretary of the Treasury
  • Secretary of Veterans Affairs
  • Attorney General
  • Vice President

The people on the president’s cabinet are the vice president and the heads of the 15 executive departments. The president may appoint other government officials to the cabinet. When George Washington was president, there were only four cabinet members: the secretary of state, secretary of the treasury, secretary of war, and attorney general. The government established the other executive departments later.

Learn more about the cabinet-level positions

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¿Cuáles son dos puestos a nivel de gabinete?

  • Secretario de Agricultura
  • Secretario de Comercio
  • Secretario de Defensa
  • Secretario de Educación
  • Secretario de Energía
  • Secretario de Salud y Servicios Humanos
  • Secretario de Seguridad Nacional
  • Secretario de Vivienda y Desarrollo Urbano
  • Secretario del Interior
  • Secretario del Trabajo
  • Secretario de Estado
  • Secretario de Transporte
  • Secretario del Tesoro
  • Secretario de Asuntos de los Veteranos
  • Procurador General
  • Vicepresidente

اذكر اثنين من مناصب الحكومة.

  • وزير الزراعة
  •  وزير التجارة
  •  وزير الدفاع
  •  وزير التعليم
  •  وزير الطاقة
  •  وزير الصحة والخدمات الإنسانية
  •  وزير الأمن الوطني
  •  وزير الإسكان والتنمية الحضرية
  •  وزير الداخلية
  •  وزير العمل
  •  وزير الخارجية
  •  وزير النقل
  •  وزير الخزانة
  •  وزير شؤون المحاربين القدامى
  •  وزير العدل
  •  نائب الرئيس

兩個內閣級別的職位是什麼?

  • 農業部長
  • 商務部長
  • 國防部長
  • 教育部長
  • 能源部長
  • 健康與人類服務部長
  • 國土安全部長
  • 住宅與都市發展部長
  • 內政部長
  • 勞工部長
  • 國務卿
  • 交通部長
  • 財政部長
  • 退伍軍人事務部長
  • 司法部長
  • 副總統

각료급 직책 중 두 가지는 무엇인가?

  • 농무부 장관
  • 상공부 장관
  • 국방부 장관
  • 교육부 장관
  • 에너지부 장관
  • 보건복지부 장관
  • 국토안보부 장관
  • 주택도시개발부 장관
  • 내무부 장관
  • 노동부 장관
  • 국무부 장관
  • 교통부 장관
  • 재무부 장관
  • 보훈부 장관
  • 법무부 장관
  • 부통령

Ano ang dalawang posisyon na nasa antas ng Gabinete?

  • Kalihim ng Agrikultura
  • Kalihim ng Komersiyo
  • Kalihim ng Depensa
  • Kalihim ng Edukasyon
  • Kalihim ng Enerhiya
  • Kalihim ng mga Palingkurang Pangkalusugan at Pantao
  • Kalihim ng Kapanatagan ng Bansa (Homeland Security)
  • Kalihim ng Pabahay at Pagpapaunlad ng Lunsod
  • Kalihim ng Interyor
  • Kalihim ng Paggawa
  • Kalihim ng Estado
  • Kalihim ng Transportasyon
  • Kalihim ng Tesorerya
  • Kalihim ng mga Gawain ng mga Beterano
  • Abugado Heneral
  • Pangalawang Pangulo

Kể ra Hai chức vụ trong hàng nội các

  • Bộ Trưởng Canh Nông
  • Bộ Trưởng Thương Mại
  • Bộ Trưởng Quốc Phòng
  • Bộ Trưởng Giáo Dục
  • Bộ Trưởng Năng Lượng
  • Bộ Trưởng Y Tế và Phục Vụ Nhân Sinh
  • Bộ Trưởng Nội An
  • Bộ Trưởng Gia Cư và Phát Triển Đô Thị
  • Bộ Trưởng Nội Vụ
  • Bộ Trưởng Lao Động
  • Bộ Trưởng Ngoại Giao
  • Bộ Trưởng Giao Thông
  • Bộ Trưởng Ngân Khố hay Tài Chính
  • Bộ Trưởng Cựu Chiến Binh
  • Bộ Trưởng Tư Pháp
  • Phó Tổng Thống

ציינו שני תפקידים בקבינט?

  • מזכיר החקלאות
  • מזכיר המסחר
  • מזכיר ההגנה
  • מזכיר החינוך
  • מזכיר האנרגיה
  • מזכיר הבריאות ושירותי האנוש
  • מזכיר לבטחון פנים
  • מזכיר שיכון ופיתוח עירוני
  • מזכיר הפנים
  • מזכיר העבודה
  • מזכיר המדינה
  • מזכיר התחבורה
  • מזכיר האוצר
  • מזכיר לענייני חיילים משוחררים
  • יועץ משפטי לממשלה
  • סגן הנשיא

Назовите две должности на уровне кабинета министров?

  • Министр сельского хозяйства
  • Министр торговли
  • Министр обороны
  • Министр образования
  • Министр энергоснабжения
  • Министр здравоохранения
  • Министр внутренней безопасности
  • Министр жилищного строительства
  • Министр внутренних дел
  • Министр труда
  • Государственный секретарь
  • Министр транспорта
  • Министр финансов
  • Министр дел ветеранов
  • Министр юстиции
  • Вице-президент

Emerto dy pozita te Keshillit Presidencjal.

  • Sekretari I agrikultures
  • Sekretari I tregetise
  • Sekretari I mbrojtjes
  • Sekretari I arsimit
  • Sekretari I energjitikes
  • Sekretari I shendetesise dhe sherbimeve socjale
  • Sekretari I sigurise shteterore
  • Sekretari I strehimit dhe zhvillimit urbanistik
  • Sekretari I brendshem
  • Sekretari I puesimit
  • Sekretari I shtetit
  • Sekretari I transportit
  • Sekretari I bankes se shtetit
  • Sekretari I lidhjeve veterane
  • Avokati I shtetit
  • Zevendes Presidenti

Koje su dvije pozicije Kabineta?

  • Sekretar za Agronomiju
  • Sekretar za Ekonomiju
  • Sekretar za Odbranu
  • Sekretar za Obrazovanje
  • Sekretar za Energiju
  • Sekretar za Zdravlje i Zdravstvene Usluge
  • Sekretar za Opštenarodnu odbranu
  • Sekretar za Stambeno i Urbano razvijanje
  • Sekretar za Unutrašnje poslove
  • Sekretar za Državu
  • Sekretar za Prevoz
  • Sekretar za Državnu blagajnu
  • Sekretar za Veteranska pitanja
  • Sekretar za Zapošljavanje
  • Generalni pravobranitelj
  • Zamjenik Predsjednika

دو ِس َمت کابینه را نام ببرید.

  • وزیر کشاورزی
  • وزیر اقتصاد
  • وزیر دفاع
  • وزیر آموزش
  • وزیر انرژی
  • وزیر بهداشت و خدمات انسانی
  • وزیر امنیت داخلی
  • وزیر مسکن و توسعۀ شهری
  • وزیر امور داخلی
  • وزیر کار
  • وزیر کشور
  • وزیر امور حمل و نقل
  • وزیر خزانه داری
  • وزیر امور کهنه سربازان جنگ
  • دادستان کل
  • معاون اول رئیس جمهور

Quels sont deux positions à niveau de cabinet?

  • Ministre de l’Agriculture
  • Ministre du Commerce
  • Ministre de la Défense
  • Ministre d’Education
  • Ministre de l’Energie
  • Ministre de la Santé et de Services Humains
  • Ministre de la Securité de la Patrie
  • Ministre du Logement et d’Urbanization
  • Ministre Intérieur
  • Ministre du Travail
  • Ministre de l’Etat
  • Ministre du Transport
  • Ministre de Trésorerie
  • Ministre d’Affaires des Vétérans
  • Ministre de la Justice
  • Vice-Président

Qhia ob qib ntawm pawg neeg sab laj hu li cas?

  • Secretary of Agriculture
  • Secretary of Commerce
  • Secretary of Defense
  • Secretary of Education
  • Secretary of Energy
  • Secretary of Health and Human Services
  • Secretary of Homeland Security
  • Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
  • Secretary of the Interior
  • Secretary of Labor
  • Secretary of State
  • Secretary of Transportation
  • Secretary of the Treasury
  • Secretary of Veterans Affairs
  • Attorney General
  • Vice President