38. What is the highest court in the United States?

  • the Supreme Court 

The U.S. Supreme Court has complete authority over all federal courts. Its rulings have a significant effect. A Supreme Court ruling can affect the outcome of many cases in the lower courts. The Supreme Court’s interpretations of federal laws and of the Constitution are final. The Supreme Court is limited in its power over the states. It cannot make decisions about state law or state constitutions. The Court can decide that a state law or action conflicts with federal law or with the U.S. Constitution. If this happens, the state law becomes invalid. The Supreme Court case ruling Marbury v. Madison established this power, known as “judicial review.” The Supreme Court also rules on cases about significant social and public policy issues that affect all Americans. The Supreme Court ruled on the court case Brown v. the Board of Education of Topeka, which ended racial segregation in schools.

Learn more about the Supreme Court

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¿Cuál es el tribunal más alto de los Estados Unidos?

  • la Corte Suprema

ما هي أعلى محكمة في الولايات المتحدة؟

  • المحكمة العليا

美國最高法院是什麼?

  • 聯邦最高法院

미국의 최고 법원은 무엇인가?

  • 연방 대법원

Ano ang pinakamataas na hukuman sa Estados Unidos?

  • ang Korte Suprema

Tòa án cao nhất ở Hoa Kỳ là gì?

  • Tối Cao Pháp Viện

מהו בית המשפט הגבוה ביותר בארה”ב?

  • בית המשפט העליון

Какой суд является самым главным в США?

  • Верховный суд

Kush eshte gjykata me e larte ne Shtetet e Bashkuara?

  • Gjykata supreme/e larte

Koji je najveći sud u Sjedinjenim Američkim Državama?

  • Vrhovni sud.

باالترین دادگاه ایالت متحده کدام است؟

  • دیوان عالی کشور

Quelle est le tribunal le plus haut des Etats-Unis?

  • La Cour Suprême

Lub tsev hais plaub twg siab tshaj nyob rau teb chaws Asmesliskas?

  • lub tuam tsev hais plaub

37. What does the judicial branch do?

  • reviews laws
  • explains laws
  • resolves disputes (disagreements)
  • decides if a law goes against the Constitution

The judicial branch is one of the three branches of government. The Constitution established the judicial branch of government with the creation of the Supreme Court. Congress created the other federal courts. All these courts together make up the judicial branch. The courts review and explain the laws, and they resolve disagreements about the meaning of the law. The U.S. Supreme Court makes sure that laws are consistent with the Constitution. If a law is not consistent with the Constitution, the Court can declare it unconstitutional. In this case, the Court rejects the law. The Supreme Court makes the final decision about all cases that have to do with federal laws and treaties. It also rules on other cases, such as disagreements between states.

Learn more about the judicial branch

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¿Qué hace la rama judicial?

  • revisa las leyes
  • explica las leyes
  • resuelve disputas (desacuerdos)
  • decide si una ley va en contra de la Constitución

ماذا يفعل الجهاز القضائي؟

  • يراجع القوانين
  • يفسر القوانين
  • يحل النزاعات )الخلافات(
  • يقرر إن كان القانون يتعارض مع الدستور

司法部門做什麼?

  • 審查法律
  • 解釋法律
  • 解決爭議(意見不一致)
  • 決定某一法律是否牴觸憲法

사법부는 무엇을 하는가?

  • 법률의 재검토
  • 법률의 해석
  • 분쟁이나 다툼의 해결
  • 법률이 헌법에 위배되는지를 판단

Ano ang ginagawa ng sangay na panghukuman?

  • nirerepaso ang mga batas
  • ipinaliliwanag ang mga batas
  • nilulutas ang mga pagtatalo (hindi pagkakasundo)
  • ipinapasiya kung ang isang batas ay labag sa Konstitusyon

Ngành tư pháp làm gì?

  • duyệt lại luật lệ
  • cắt nghĩa luật lệ
  • giải quyết tranh cãi (bất hòa)
  • quyết định xem luật có đi ngược lại hiến pháp không

מה תפקידה של הרשות השופטת?

  • לבדוק חוקים
  • להסביר חוקים
  • לפתור סכסוכים (חילוקי דעות)
  • להחליט אם חוקים נוגדים את החוקה

Что делает судебная власть?

  • Изучает законы
  • Разъясняет законы
  • Разрешает спорные проблемы (разногласия)
  • Решает, не противоречит ли закон конституции страны

Kush eshte detyra e deges juridike?

  • Rishikon ligjet
  • shpjegon ligjet
  • Zgjidh mosmarreveshja
  • Vendos nese nje ligj eshte ne kundershtim me Kushtetuten

Šta je dužnost sudskog odsjeka?

  • Da ispituje zakone
  • Da objašnjava zakone
  • Da rješava parnice
  • Da odluči ako će se zakon protiviti Konstituciji

کار شاخۀ قضایی چیست؟

  • بررسی قوانین
  • شرح قوانین
  • حل مناقشات )مخالفتها(
  • تصمیم گیری درمورد اینکه آیا قانونی مغایر با قانون اساسی کشور هست یا خیر.

Que fait la Branche Judiciaire?

  • Réviser les lois
  • Expliquer les lois
  • Résoudre des disputes (désaccords)
  • Decider si une loi est contre la Constitution

Pawg txhais cai dej num yog ua dab tsi?

  • rov ntsuam xyuas kev cai
  • txhais kev cai
  • daws kev cov nyom
  • ntsuam xyua kom tej cai txhob cuam tshuam tus Txooj Cai Lij Choj

16. Who makes federal laws?

  • Congress
  • Senate and House (of Representatives)
  • (U.S. or national) legislature

Congress makes federal laws. A federal law usually applies to all states and all people in the United States. Either side of Congress—the Senate or the House of Representatives—can propose a bill to address an issue. When the Senate proposes a bill, it sends the bill to a Senate committee. The Senate committee studies the issue and the bill. When the House of Representatives proposes a bill, it sends the bill to a House of Representatives committee. The committee studies the bill and sometimes makes changes to it. Then the bill goes to the full House or Senate for consideration. When each chamber passes its own version of the bill, it often goes to a “conference committee.” The conference committee has members from both the House and the Senate. This committee discusses the bill, tries to resolve the differences, and writes a report with the final version of the bill. Then the committee sends the final version of the bill back to both houses for approval. If both houses approve the bill, it is considered “enrolled.” An enrolled bill goes to the president to be signed into law. If the president signs the bill, it becomes a federal law.

Learn more about the Congress

Learn more about the Senate

Learn more about the House of Representatives

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¿Quién crea las leyes federales?

  • el Congreso
  • el Senado y la Cámara (de Representantes)
  • la legislatura (nacional o de los Estados Unidos)

من يسن القوانين الفيدرالية؟

  • الكونغرس
  • مجلس الشيوخ ومجلس النواب
  • الهيئة التشريعية )الأمريكية أو الوطنية(

誰制定聯邦法律?

  • 國會
  • 參議院及眾議院
  • (美國或國家)立法部門

연방법은 누가 만드는가?

  • 의회
  • 상원과 하원
  • (미연방 또는 국가의) 입법부

Sino ang gumagawa ng mga pederal na batas?

  • Kongreso
  • Senado at Kapulungan (ng mga Kinatawan)
  • (Estados Unidos o pambansang) lehislatura

Ai làm luật liên bang?

  • Quốc Hội
  • Thượng và Hạ Nghị Viện
  • Ngành Lập Pháp (của Liên Bang hay Quốc Gia)

מי מחוקק חוקים פדרלים?

  • הקונגרס
  • הסנאט ובית הנבחרים
  • הרשות המחוקקת

Кто создает федеральные законы?

  • Конгресс
  • Сенат и Палата представителей
  • Законодатели

Kush krijon ligje federale?

  • Kongresi
  • Senati dhe Perfaqesuesit Ligjor
  • Legjislatura (Amerikane ose kombetare)

Ko pravi federalne zakone?

  • Kongres
  • Senat i Kuća (predstavnika)
  • (Američko ili nacionalno) zakonodavstvo

چه مرجعی قوانین فدرال را وضع می کند؟

  • کنگره
  • سنا و مجلس نمایندگان
  • قوۀ مقننۀ )ملی یا ایاالت متحده(

Qui fait les lois fédérales?

  • Le Congrès
  • Le Sénat et la Chambre (des Représentants)
  • La Legislature (des Etats-Unis ou nationale)

Leej twg yog tus tsim sau tsoom fwv li cai?

  • Pawg neeg sau cai
  • Pab neeg sawv cev pej xeem (Senate and House of Representatives)
  • Tsoom nom tswv qeb siab sau cai (legislature)