14. What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful?

  • checks and balances
  • separation of powers

The Constitution separates the government’s power into three branches to prevent one person or group from having too much power. The separation of government into three branches creates a system of checks and balances. This means that each branch can block, or threaten to block, the actions of the other branches. Here are some examples: the Senate (part of the legislative branch) can block a treaty signed by the president (the executive branch). In this example, the legislative branch is “checking” the executive. The U.S. Supreme Court (the judicial branch) can reject a law passed by Congress (the legislative branch). In this example, the judicial branch is “checking” the legislative branch. This separation of powers limits the power of the government and prevents the government from violating the rights of the people.

Learn more about check and balances

Learn more about separation of powers

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¿Qué es lo que evita que una rama del gobierno se vuelva demasiado poderosa?

  • pesos y contrapesos
  • separación de poderes

ما الذي يمنع فرعاً واحداً من الحكومة من أن يصبح قوياً بأكثر مما يجب؟

  • الضوابط والتوازنات
  • الفصل بين السلطات

什麼防止一個政府分支變得過於強大?

  • 制衡
  • 權力分立

정부의 한 부문이 지나치게 강력해 지는 것을 막는 것은 무엇인가?

  • 견제와 균형
  • 삼권 분립

Ano ang pumipigil sa isang sangay ng pamahalaan na maging masyadong makapangyarihan?

  • mga pagsusuri at pagbalanse
  • paghihiwalay ng mga kapangyarihan

Cách nào ngăn cản một ngành công quyền trở thành quá mạnh?

  • kiểm soát lẫn nhau
  • phân quyền

מה מונע מגורם יחיד במדינה כוח מוחלט?

  • איזונים ובלמים
  • הפרדת רשויות \ כוחות

Что препятствует одной из ветвей правительства стать слишком сильной?

  • Система “сдержек и противовесов”
  • Разделение власти

C’fare e parandalon nje dege qeveritare ndaj nje fuqizimi te tepert?

  • Kontroll dhe barazpeshe
  • Ndarje fuqishe

Šta spriječava jednu granu vlade da postane mnogo više moćna?

  • Račun i balans
  • Razdvojenost od autoriteta

چه موضوعی سبب می شود یکی از بخشهای دولت نتواند بیش از حد قدرتمند شود؟

  • کنترل و مقابله
  • جدایی از قدرت

Qu’est-ce qui arrete une branche du gouvernement d’avoir trop de pouvoir?

  • Chèques et balances
  • Séparation des pouvoirs

Thaum ib pawg tsoom fwv twg uas ho muaj zog dhau lawm, yam dab tsi thiaj yuav cheem tau?

  • tsoom soj ntsuam thiab luj (ntawm ob tog)
  • muab lub zog faib

13. Name one branch or part of the government

  • Congress
  • legislative
  • President
  • executive
  • the courts
  • judicial

The Constitution establishes three branches of government: legislative, executive, and judicial. Article I of the Constitution establishes the legislative branch. Article I explains that Congress makes laws. Congress (the Senate and the House of Representatives) is the legislative branch of the U.S. government. Article II of the Constitution establishes the executive branch. The executive branch enforces the laws that Congress passes. The executive branch makes sure all the people follow the laws of the United States. The president is the head of the executive branch. The vice president and members of the president’s cabinet are also part of the executive branch. Article III of the Constitution establishes the judicial branch. The judicial branch places the highest judicial power in the Supreme Court. One responsibility of the judicial branch is to decide if government laws and actions follow the Constitution. This is a very important responsibility.

Learn more about the branches of the government

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Nombre una rama o parte del gobierno.

  • Congreso
  • Poder legislativo
  • Presidente
  • Poder ejecutivo
  • Los tribunales
  • Poder judicial

اذكر فرع أو جزء واحد من الحكومة.

  • الكونغرس
  • التشريعي
  • الرئيس
  • التنفيذي
  • المحاكم
  • القضائي

列舉政府體制的一個分支或部門 。

  • 國會
  • 立法部門
  • 總統
  • 行政部門
  • 法院
  • 司法部門

정부의 분야나 부문 중 하나의 이름을 말하라.

  • 의회
  • 입법부
  • 대통령
  • 행정부
  • 법원
  • 사법부

Sabihin ang isang sangay o bahagi ng pamahalaan.

  • Kongreso
  • pambatasan
  • Pangulo
  • ehekutibo
  • mga korte
  • panghukuman

Cho biết một ngành hay phần của công quyền.

  • Quốc Hội
  • lập pháp
  • Tổng Thống
  • hành pháp
  • các tòa án
  • tư pháp

ציינו ענף אחד או חלק אחד מהממשלה

  • קונגרס
  • הרשות המחוקקת
  • הנשיא
  • הרשות המבצעת
  • בתי המשפט
  • הרשות השופטת

Назовите одну из ветвей или частей правительства?

  • Конгресс
  • Законодательная власть
  • Президент
  • Исполнительная власть
  • Суды
  • Судебная власть

Emertoni nje dege ose pjese te qeverise.

  • Kongresi
  • Dega legjislative
  • Presidenti
  • Dega ekzekutive
  • Gjykatat
  • Dega juridike

Navedi jednu granu ili partiju Vlade

  • Kongres
  • Zakonodavstvo
  • Predsjednik
  • Izvršno vijeće
  • Tribunal
  • Sudstvo

یکی از بخشها یا قسمتهای دولت را نام ببرید.

  • کنگره
  • قوۀ مقننه
  • رئیس جمهور
  • قوۀ مجریه
  • دادگاهها
  • دادگستری

Citez une branche du gouvernement

  • Congrès
  • Législatif
  • Président
  • Executif
  • Les tribunaux
  • Judiciaire

Qhia ib ceg los yog ib pawg ntawm tsoom fwv?

  • Pawg neeg sau cai
  • pawg sau cai
  • Tuam Thawj Tswj teb chaws
  • pawg tswj cai
  • tuam tsev hais plaub
  • pawg txhais cai