Naturalization Test Practice – Part 2 – American History

Part 2 includes question 58 to 87

What is one reason colonists came to America - freedom

58. What is one reason colonists came to America?

freedom political liberty religious freedom economic opportunity practice their religion escape persecution In the 1600s and 1700s, colonists from England and other European countries sailed across the Atlantic Ocean to the American colonies. Some left Europe to escape religious restrictions or persecution, to practice their religion freely. Many came for […]

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Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived - American Indians - Native Americans

59. Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived?

American Indians Native Americans Great American Indian tribes such as the Navajo, Sioux, Cherokee, and Iroquois lived in America at the time the Pilgrims arrived. The Pilgrims settled in an area where a tribe called the Wampanoag lived. The Wampanoag taught the Pilgrims important skills, such as how to farm […]

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What group of people was taken to America and sold as slaves - Africans - People from Africa

60. What group of people was taken to America and sold as slaves?

Africans people from Africa Slavery existed in many countries long before America was founded. By 1700, many Africans were being brought to the American colonies as slaves. Men, women, and children were brought against their will. They were often separated from their families when they were sold as slaves. Slaves […]

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Why did the colonists fight the British - Because of high taxes

61. Why did the colonists fight the British?

because of high taxes (taxation without representation) because the British army stayed in their houses (boarding, quartering) because they didn’t have self-government The American colonists’ anger had been growing for years before the Revolutionary War began in 1775. The decision to separate from the British was not an easy choice for […]

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Who wrote the Declaration of Independence - Thomas Jefferson

62. Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?

(Thomas) Jefferson Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence in 1776. He was a very important political leader and thinker. Some of the most important ideas about the American government are found in the Declaration of Independence, such as the idea that all people are created equal. Another important idea […]

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When was the Declaration of Independence adopted - July 4 1776

63. When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?

July 4, 1776 In 1774, representatives from 12 of the 13 colonies met in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, for the First Continental Congress. Of the 13 colonies, only Georgia was absent. These representatives were angry about British laws that treated them unfairly. They began to organize an army. The Second Continental Congress […]

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There were 13 original states - Name three

64. There were 13 original states. Name three

New Hampshire Delaware Massachusetts Maryland Rhode Island Virginia Connecticut North Carolina New York South Carolina New Jersey Georgia Pennsylvania The 13 original states were all former British colonies. Representatives from these colonies came together and declared independence from Great Britain in 1776. After the Revolutionary War, the colonies became free […]

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What happened at the Constitutional Convention - The Constitution was written

65. What happened at the Constitutional Convention?

The Constitution was written. The Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution. The Constitutional Convention was held in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, from May to September 1787. Fifty-five delegates from 12 of the original 13 states (except for Rhode Island) met to write amendments to the Articles of Confederation. The delegates met because many […]

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When was the Constitution written - 1787

66. When was the Constitution written?

1787 The Constitution, written in 1787, created a new system of U.S. government—the same system we have today. James Madison was the main writer of the Constitution. He became the fourth president of the United States. The U.S. Constitution is short, but it defines the principles of government and the […]

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The Federalist Papers supported the passage of the US Constitution Name one of the writers

67. The Federalist Papers supported the passage of the U.S. Constitution. Name one of the writers

(James) Madison (Alexander) Hamilton (John) Jay Publius The Federalist Papers were 85 essays that were printed in New York newspapers while New York State was deciding whether or not to support the U.S. Constitution. The essays were written in 1787 and 1788 by Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison […]

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What is one thing Benjamin Franklin is famous for

68. What is one thing Benjamin Franklin is famous for?

U.S. diplomat oldest member of the Constitutional Convention first Postmaster General of the United States writer of “Poor Richard’s Almanac” started the first free libraries Benjamin Franklin was one of the most influential Founding Fathers of the United States. He was the oldest delegate to the Constitutional Convention and one […]

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Who is the Father of Our Country - George Washington

69. Who is the “Father of Our Country”?

(George) Washington George Washington is called the Father of Our Country. He was the first American president. Before that, he was a brave general who led the Continental Army to victory over Great Britain during the American Revolutionary War. After his victory over the British Army, Washington retired to his […]

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Who was the first President - George Washington

70. Who was the first President?

George Washington George Washington was the first president of the United States. He began his first term in 1789. He served for a second term beginning in 1793. Washington played an important role in forming the new nation and encouraged Americans to unite. He also helped define the American presidency. […]

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What territory did the United States buy from France in 1803 - the Louisiana Territory

71. What territory did the United States buy from France in 1803?

the Louisiana Territory Louisiana The Louisiana Territory was a large area west of the Mississippi River. It was 828,000 square miles. In 1803, the United States bought the Louisiana Territory from France for $15 million. The Louisiana Purchase Treaty was signed in Paris on April 30, 1803. It was the […]

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Name one war fought by the United States in the 1800s - War of 1812

72. Name one war fought by the United States in the 1800s

War of 1812 Mexican-American War Civil War Spanish-American War The United States fought four major wars in the 1800s—the War of 1812, the Mexican-American War, the Civil War, and the Spanish-American War. The War of 1812 lasted from 1812 through 1815. President James Madison asked Congress to declare war on […]

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Name the US war between the North and the South - The Civil War

73. Name the U.S. war between the North and the South

the Civil War the War between the States The American Civil War is also known as the War between the States. It was a war between the people in the northern states and those in the southern states. The Civil War was fought in many places across the United States, […]

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Name one problem that led to the Civil War - Slavery

74. Name one problem that led to the Civil War

slavery economic reasons states’ rights The Civil War began when 11 southern states voted to secede (separate) from the United States to form their own country, the Confederate States of America. These southern states believed that the federal government of the United States threatened their right to make their own […]

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What was one important thing that Abraham Lincoln did - freed the slaves

75. What was one important thing that Abraham Lincoln did?

freed the slaves (Emancipation Proclamation) saved (or preserved) the Union led the United States during the Civil War Abraham Lincoln was president of the United States from 1861 to 1865, and led the nation during the Civil War. Lincoln thought the separation of the southern (Confederate) states was unconstitutional, and […]

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What did the Emancipation Proclamation do - Freed the slaves

76. What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?

freed the slaves freed slaves in the Confederacy freed slaves in the Confederate states freed slaves in most Southern states In 1863, in the middle of the Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation. The Emancipation Proclamation declared that slaves living in the southern or Confederate states were […]

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What did Susan B Anthony do - fought for women rights

77. What did Susan B. Anthony do?

fought for women’s rights fought for civil rights Susan B. Anthony was born in Massachusetts on February 15, 1820. She is known for campaigning for the right of women to vote. She spoke out publicly against slavery and for equal treatment of women in the workplace. In 1920, the 19th […]

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Name one war fought by the United States in the 1900s - World War I

78. Name one war fought by the United States in the 1900s

World War I World War II Korean War Vietnam War (Persian) Gulf War The United States fought five wars in the 1900s: World War I, World War II, the Korean War, the Vietnam War, and the (Persian) Gulf War. World War I began in 1914. It was a long and […]

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Who was President during World War I - Woodrow Wilson

79. Who was President during World War I?

Woodrow Wilson Woodrow Wilson was the 28th president of the United States. President Wilson served two terms from 1913 to 1921. During his first term, he was able to keep the United States out of World War I. By 1917, Wilson knew this was no longer possible, and he asked […]

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Who was President during the Great Depression and World War II - Franklin Delano Roosevelt

80. Who was President during the Great Depression and World War II?

(Franklin) Roosevelt Franklin Delano Roosevelt (FDR) was president of the United States from 1933 until 1945. He was elected during the Great Depression, which was a period of economic crisis after the stock market crash of 1929. His program for handling the crisis was called “the New Deal.” It included […]

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Who did the United States fight in World War II - Japan Germany and Italy

81. Who did the United States fight in World War II?

Japan, Germany, and Italy The Japanese bombed U.S. naval bases in a surprise attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on December 7, 1941. The next day, President Franklin D. Roosevelt, as commander in chief of the military, obtained an official declaration of war from Congress. Japan’s partners in the Axis, Italy […]

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Before he was President Eisenhower was a general What war was he in - World War II

82. Before he was President, Eisenhower was a general. What war was he in?

World War II Before becoming the 34th president of the United States in 1953, Dwight D. Eisenhower served as a major general in World War II. As commander of U.S. forces and supreme commander of the Allies in Europe, he led the successful D-Day invasion of Normandy, France, on June […]

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During the Cold War what was the main concern of the United States - Communism

83. During the Cold War, what was the main concern of the United States?

Communism The main concern of the United States during the Cold War was the spread of communism. The Soviet Union (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, or USSR) was a powerful nation that operated under the principles of communism. The United States and its allies believed that a democratic government and […]

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What movement tried to end racial discrimination - Civil Rights Movement

84. What movement tried to end racial discrimination?

civil rights (movement) The modern civil rights movement in the United States began in 1954 when the Supreme Court ruled that racial segregation in public schools was unconstitutional. The goal of the civil rights movement was to end racial discrimination against African Americans and to gain full and equal rights […]

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What did Martin Luther King Jr do - fought for civil rights

85. What did Martin Luther King, Jr. do?

fought for civil rights worked for equality for all Americans Martin Luther King, Jr. was a Baptist minister and civil rights leader. He worked hard to make America a more fair, tolerant, and equal nation. He was the main leader of the civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s. […]

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What major event happened on September 11 2001 in the United States - Terrorists attacked the United States

86. What major event happened on September 11, 2001, in the United States?

Terrorists attacked the United States. On September 11, 2001, four airplanes flying out of U.S. airports were taken over by terrorists from the Al-Qaeda network of Islamic extremists. Two of the planes crashed into the World Trade Center’s Twin Towers in New York City, destroying both buildings. One of the […]

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Name one American Indian tribe in the United States

87. Name one American Indian tribe in the United States

Cherokee Cheyenne Navajo Arawak Sioux Shawnee Chippewa Mohegan Choctaw Huron Pueblo Oneida Apache Lakota Iroquois Crow Creek Teton Blackfeet Hopi Seminole Inuit American Indians lived in North America for thousands of years before the European settlers arrived. Today there are more than 500 federally recognized tribes in the United States. […]

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