Naturalization Test Practice – Part 1.2 – System of Government

Part 1.2 includes question 13 to 47

Name one branch or part of the government

13. Name one branch or part of the government

Congress legislative President executive the courts judicial The Constitution establishes three branches of government: legislative, executive, and judicial. Article I of the Constitution establishes the legislative branch. Article I explains that Congress makes laws. Congress (the Senate and the House of Representatives) is the legislative branch of the U.S. government. […]

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checks and balances - separation of powers

14. What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful?

checks and balances separation of powers The Constitution separates the government’s power into three branches to prevent one person or group from having too much power. The separation of government into three branches creates a system of checks and balances. This means that each branch can block, or threaten to […]

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Who is in charge of the executive branch - The President

15. Who is in charge of the executive branch?

The President The job of the executive branch is to carry out, or execute, federal laws and enforce laws passed by Congress. The head of the executive branch is the president. The president is both the head of state and the head of government. The president’s powers include the ability […]

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Who makes federal laws - Congress - Senate and House of Representatives

16. Who makes federal laws?

Congress Senate and House (of Representatives) (U.S. or national) legislature Congress makes federal laws. A federal law usually applies to all states and all people in the United States. Either side of Congress—the Senate or the House of Representatives—can propose a bill to address an issue. When the Senate proposes […]

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What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress - Senate and House of Representatives

17. What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress?

the Senate and House (of Representatives) Congress is divided into two parts—the Senate and the House of Representatives. Because it has two “chambers,” the U.S. Congress is known as a “bicameral” legislature. The system of checks and balances works in Congress. Specific powers are assigned to each of these chambers. […]

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How many U.S. Senators are there - 100

18. How many U.S. Senators are there?

one hundred (100) There are 100 senators in Congress, two from each state. All states have equal power in the Senate because each state has the same number of senators. States with a very small population have the same number of senators as states with very large populations. The Framers […]

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We elect a US Senator for how many years - 6 - Six

19. We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years?

six (6) The Framers of the Constitution wanted senators to be independent from public opinion. They thought a fairly long, six-year term would give them this protection. They also wanted longer Senate terms to balance the shorter two-year terms of the members of the House, who would more closely follow […]

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US senators and the states they represent

20. Who is one of your state’s U.S. Senators now?

Answers will vary. [District of Columbia residents and residents of U.S. territories should answer that D.C. (or the territory where the applicant lives) has no U.S. Senators.] For a complete list of U.S. senators and the states they represent, go to http://www.senate.gov. Photo Credit

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The House of Representatives has how many voting members - four hundred thirty-five 435

21. The House of Representatives has how many voting members?

four hundred thirty-five (435) The House of Representatives is the larger chamber of Congress. Since 1912, the House of Representatives has had 435 voting members. However, the distribution of members among the states has changed over the years. Each state must have at least one representative in the House. Beyond […]

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We elect a US Representative for how many years - Two - 2

22. We elect a U.S. Representative for how many years?

two (2) People who live in a representative’s district are called “constituents.” Representatives tend to reflect the views of their constituents. If representatives do not do this, they may be voted out of office. The Framers of the Constitution believed that short two-year terms and frequent elections would keep representatives […]

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Name your US Representative

23. Name your U.S. Representative

Answers will vary. [Residents of territories with nonvoting Delegates or Resident Commissioners may provide the name of that Delegate or Commissioner. Also acceptable is any statement that the territory has no (voting) Representatives in Congress.] For a complete list of U.S. representatives and the districts they represent, go to http://www.house.gov […]

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Who does a US Senator represent - all people of the state

24. Who does a U.S. Senator represent?

all people of the state Senators are elected to serve the people of their state for six years. Each of the two senators represents the entire state. Before the 17th Amendment to the Constitution was ratified in 1913, the state legislatures elected the U.S. senators to represent their state. Now, […]

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Why do some states have more Representatives than other states

25. Why do some states have more Representatives than other states?

(because of) the state’s population (because) they have more people (because) some states have more people The Founding Fathers wanted people in all states to be represented fairly. In the House of Representatives, a state’s population determines the number of representatives it has. In this way, states with many people […]

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We elect a President for how many years - Four - 4

26. We elect a President for how many years?

four (4) Early American leaders thought that the head of the British government, the king, had too much power. Because of this, they limited the powers of the head of the new U.S. government. They decided that the people would elect the president every four years. The president is the […]

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In what month do we vote for President - November

27. In what month do we vote for President?

November The Constitution did not set a national election day. In the past, elections for federal office took place on different days in different states. In 1845, Congress passed legislation to designate a single day for all Americans to vote. It made Election Day the Tuesday after the first Monday […]

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What is the name of the President of the United States now - Donald J Trump

28. What is the name of the President of the United States now?

Donald J. Trump Donald Trump Trump Donald J. Trump is the 45th president of the United States. As president he is the head of the executive branch. As commander in chief, he is also in charge of the military. Trump was born in New York on June 14, 1946. He […]

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What is the name of the Vice President of the United States now - Mike Pence

29. What is the name of the Vice President of the United States now?

Michael R. Pence Mike Pence Pence Michael (Mike) R. Pence is the 48th vice president of the United States. Pence was born June 7, 1959, in Indiana. He graduated from Hanover College. He also studied law and graduated from the Robert H. McKinney School of Law at Indiana University. Pence […]

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If the President can no longer serve who becomes President - The Vice President

30. If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President?

the Vice President If the president dies, resigns, or cannot work while still in office, the vice president becomes president. For this reason, the qualifications for vice president and president are the same. A vice president became president nine times in U.S. history when the president died or left office. […]

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If both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve who becomes President - The speaker of the house

31. If both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve, who becomes President?

the Speaker of the House If both the president and vice president cannot serve, the next person in line is the speaker of the House of Representatives. This has not always been the procedure. Soon after the country was founded, a law was passed that made the Senate president pro […]

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Who is the Commander in Chief of the military - The President

32. Who is the Commander in Chief of the military?

the President The Founding Fathers strongly believed in republican ideals. A republic is a government where a country’s political power comes from the citizens, not the rulers, and is put into use by representatives elected by the citizens. That is why they made the president the commander in chief. They […]

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Who signs bills to become laws - The President

33. Who signs bills to become laws?

the President Every law begins as a proposal made by a member of Congress, either a senator (member of the Senate) or representative (member of the House of Representatives). When the Senate or House begins to debate the proposal, it is called a “bill.” After debate in both houses of […]

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Who vetoes bills - The President

34. Who vetoes bills?

the President The president has veto power. This means that the president can reject a bill passed by Congress. If the president vetoes a bill, he prevents it from becoming a law. The president can send the bill back to Congress unsigned. Often he will list reasons why he rejects […]

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What does the President’s Cabinet do - advises the President

35. What does the President’s Cabinet do?

advises the President The Constitution says that the leaders of the executive departments should advise the president. These department leaders, most of them called “secretaries,” make up the cabinet. The president nominates the cabinet members to be his advisors. For a nominee to be confirmed, a majority of the Senate […]

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What are two Cabinet-level positions

36. What are two Cabinet-level positions?

Secretary of Agriculture Secretary of Commerce Secretary of Defense Secretary of Education Secretary of Energy Secretary of Health and Human Services Secretary of Homeland Security Secretary of Housing and Urban Development Secretary of the Interior Secretary of Labor Secretary of State Secretary of Transportation Secretary of the Treasury Secretary of […]

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What does the judicial branch do

37. What does the judicial branch do?

reviews laws explains laws resolves disputes (disagreements) decides if a law goes against the Constitution The judicial branch is one of the three branches of government. The Constitution established the judicial branch of government with the creation of the Supreme Court. Congress created the other federal courts. All these courts […]

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What is the highest court in the United States - the Supreme Court 

38. What is the highest court in the United States?

the Supreme Court  The U.S. Supreme Court has complete authority over all federal courts. Its rulings have a significant effect. A Supreme Court ruling can affect the outcome of many cases in the lower courts. The Supreme Court’s interpretations of federal laws and of the Constitution are final. The Supreme […]

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How many justices are on the Supreme Court - Nine - 9

39. How many justices are on the Supreme Court?

nine (9) The Constitution does not establish the number of justices on the Supreme Court. In the past, there have been as many as 10 and as few as six justices. Now, there are nine justices on the Supreme Court: eight associate justices and one chief justice. The Constitution gives […]

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Who is the Chief Justice of the United States now - John Roberts

40. Who is the Chief Justice of the United States now?

John Roberts (John G. Roberts, Jr.) John G. Roberts, Jr. is the 17th chief justice of the United States. After the death of former chief justice William Rehnquist in September 2005, President George W. Bush nominated Roberts for this position. Judge Roberts became chief justice when he was 50. He […]

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What is one power of the federal government

41. Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the federal government. What is one power of the federal government?

to print money to declare war to create an army to make treaties The powers of government are divided between the federal government and the state governments. The federal government is known as a limited government. Its powers are restricted to those described in the U.S. Constitution. The Constitution gives […]

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What is one power of the states

42. Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the states. What is one power of the states?

provide schooling and education provide protection (police) provide safety (fire departments) give a driver’s license approve zoning and land use In the United States, the federal and state governments both hold power. Before the Constitution, the 13 colonies governed themselves individually much like state governments. It was not until the […]

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Who is the Governor of your state now

43. Who is the Governor of your state now?

Answers will vary. [District of Columbia residents should answer that D.C. does not have a Governor.] To learn the name of the governor of your state or territory, go to www.nga.org/governors. Similar to the federal government, most states have three branches of government. The branches are executive, legislative, and judicial. […]

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What is the capital of your state

44. What is the capital of your state?

Answers will vary. [District of Columbia residents should answer that D.C. is not a state and does not have a capital. Residents of U.S. territories should name the capital of the territory.] To learn the capital of your state or territory, go to http://www.census.gov/schools/facts. Each state or territory has its own capital. The […]

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What are the two major political parties in the United States - Republican Party - Democratic Party

45. What are the two major political parties in the United States?

Democratic and Republican The Constitution did not establish political parties. President George Washington specifically warned against them. But early in U.S. history, two political groups developed. They were the Democratic-Republicans and the Federalists. Today, the two major political parties are the Democratic Party and the Republican Party. President Andrew Jackson […]

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What is the political party of the President now - Republican Party

46. What is the political party of the President now?

Republican (Party) The two major political parties in the United States today are the Democratic and Republican parties. The current president, Donald Trump, is a member of the Republican Party. Other notable Republican presidents include Abraham Lincoln, Theodore Roosevelt, Warren Harding, Herbert Hoover, Dwight Eisenhower, Ronald Reagan, George H. W. […]

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What is the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives now - Paul D Ryan

47. What is the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives now?

Paul D. Ryan (Paul) Ryan  The current speaker of the House of Representatives is Paul D. Ryan. He has represented Wisconsin’s First Congressional District in the House of Representatives since 1999. As speaker, he presides over the House of Representatives and leads the majority political party in the House, the […]

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