Standard Jumbo

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What is a Standard Jumbo Mortgage?

A standard jumbo mortgage, commonly just called a “jumbo mortgage,” is a home loan that exceeds the conforming loan limits set by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, the two government-sponsored entities that buy most home mortgages on the secondary market. Since jumbo loans don’t meet these criteria, they’re considered riskier by lenders, and therefore often come with different underwriting guidelines and higher interest rates.

Loan Limits

The loan limit for conforming loans varies by location but is $647,200 for most of the United States as of 2022. This means that any mortgage exceeding this amount would be considered a jumbo loan. In high-cost areas, this limit may be higher.

Interest Rates

Typically, jumbo mortgage rates are slightly higher than those of conforming loans. This is because these loans are considered riskier, given that they are larger and not backed by Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac. The higher rate is a way for lenders to compensate for the increased risk.


Qualifying for a jumbo loan often involves:
  • A credit score of 700 or higher.
  • A debt-to-income ratio below 43%.
  • Significant reserves, possibly 6-12 months’ worth of mortgage payments.
  • A down payment of at least 20% (some lenders may require more).

Advantages and Disadvantages


  • Enables you to buy a more expensive home.
  • Flexible terms like adjustable-rate and fixed-rate options.
  • Some jumbo loans allow for a smaller down payment, albeit with higher rates.


  • Higher interest rates than conforming loans.
  • More stringent qualification criteria.
  • Larger down payment required.

When to Opt for a Jumbo Mortgage

If you’re looking to purchase a high-priced or luxury home and have the financial stability to meet the stringent qualification criteria, a jumbo loan may be suitable for you. Before deciding, compare the rates and terms with conforming loans, as the latter might offer a more economical option depending on your circumstances. A standard jumbo mortgage is a home loan that exceeds the conforming loan limits set by government-sponsored entities. While they allow borrowers to purchase more expensive homes, they come with higher interest rates and stricter qualification criteria. Ensure you understand the full spectrum of responsibilities and costs before securing a jumbo mortgage.


A jumbo mortgage is a type of home loan that exceeds the conforming loan limits set by the FHFA. These loans are used to purchase high-priced homes and are common in expensive real estate markets.

The conforming loan limits for 2023 vary by county and are adjusted annually. In most areas of the United States, the limit for a single-family home is $647,200, but it can be higher in areas with expensive housing markets.

Jumbo mortgages typically require a larger down payment (often 20% or more), a higher credit score (usually 700 or above), proof of substantial income, and a low debt-to-income ratio.

Jumbo mortgage rates can be higher than conventional mortgage rates because they are considered riskier loans. However, the difference is not always significant, and sometimes jumbo loans can have competitive or even lower rates.

Some lenders offer jumbo mortgages with down payments as low as 10%, but these loans usually require private mortgage insurance (PMI) and may have higher interest rates.

The maximum amount you can borrow with a jumbo mortgage depends on the lender and your financial situation, but loans can reach into the millions of dollars.

Yes, it can be more challenging to qualify for a jumbo mortgage due to the stricter requirements on credit score, income, down payment, and debt-to-income ratio.

Yes, you can refinance a jumbo mortgage, but the process may be more complex, and the requirements may be stricter compared to refinancing a conventional mortgage.

A jumbo mortgage allows borrowers to finance the purchase of a high-priced home without needing to deplete their savings for a massive down payment. It can also offer competitive interest rates and various loan term options.

Yes, borrowers can consider taking out two or more smaller conforming loans (a strategy known as “piggybacking”) to cover the cost of a high-priced home without needing a jumbo mortgage. Another alternative could be looking into government-backed loans like VA or FHA loans if you qualify.

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