There are three components of the English test: speaking, reading, and writing. According to the law, an applicant must demonstrate: “an understanding of the English language, including an ability to read, write, and speak…simple words and phrases…in ordinary usage in the English language….” This means that to be eligible for naturalization, you must be able to read, write, and speak basic English.
You are required to pass each of the three components of the English test with the exception of applicants who qualify as: 50 years of age or older AND a permanent resident for at least 20 years at the time of filing the Form N-400, Application for Naturalization; 55 years of age or older AND a permanent resident for at least 15 years at the time of filing the Form N-400, Application for Naturalization; or, any person who is unable to demonstrate an understanding of English because of a medically determinable physical and/or medical impairment as determined by an approved Form N-648, Medical Certification for Disability Exceptions.
Go to the speaking portion
Go to the reading portion
Go to the writing portion